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24. 1. 2019 | ENG

Standards and Novel Directions in Multimodal Treatment of Esophageal Cancer

klinická onkologie

Prof. Dr. med Florian Lordick

Souhrn

Autor: Prof. Dr. med. Florian Lordick

Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide and is therefore a major global health challenge. The two major subtypes of oesophageal cancer are oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), which are epidemiologically and biologically distinct. OSCC accounts for 90% of all cases of oesophageal cancer globally and is highly prevalent in the East, East Africa and South America. OAC is more common in developed countries from the Western hemisphere. Preneoplastic lesions are identifi ablefor both OSCC and OAC and are frequently amenable to endoscopic ablative therapies. However, most patients with oesophageal cancer require extensive treatment, including chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy and/ or surgical resection. Patients with advanced or metastatic oesophageal cancer are treated with palliative chemotherapy; those who are human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive may also benefi t from trastuzumab treatment. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have also shown promising early results in OSCC and OAC. In his lecture, the stateof- the-art knowledge on the biology and treatment of oesophageal cancer, including emerging molecular targets will be reviewed, and best practices in chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, surgery and the maintenance of patient quality of life will be discussed.

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